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Lipid peroxidation assays in canine fresh semen

M. Gavazza, A. M. Gutiérrez, M. Marmunti, A. Palacios
Idioma: es


Lipid peroxidation (LP) is a potential cause of infertility in males of numerous species. Levels in which the spermatozoa loses mobility in vitro is correlated with the rate of LP that it suffers. The objective of this work was to determine the fatty acid composition and analyze the sensitivity to LP (ascorbate–Fe++ dependent) in spermatozoa obtained from different samples of canine fresh semen. LP was evaluated using chemiluminescence (CL) (cpm/mg of protein) and fatty acid (FA) profile by means of gas chromatography. The saturated FA content found in the analyzed spermatozoa was approximately 40%, whereas the total unsaturated FA content was approximately 55% with a prevalence of docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5 n6). When the control and ascorbate–Fe++ dependent samples were compared, it was observed a significant increase in the light emission (CL). Consequently, significant decrease in the percentage of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was obtained, being more affected: C18: 2 n6, C20: 4 n6, C22: 4 n6, C22: 5 n6 and C22: 6 n3. The unsaturation index used to evaluate the alterations generated during the LP was correlated with the data mentioned before. Our results indicate that dog semen contains great amounts of PUFA, which were vulnerable to the LP. The alteration in the PUFA composition could be the common base of different degenerative processes.

Palabras clave

dog; spermatozoa; lipid peroxidation; polyunsaturated fatty acids.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30972/vet.2021857