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Histopathological lesions in central nervous system of goats poisoned by Ipomoea carnea

E. Ríos, L. Cholich, J. Silva, O. Acosta de Pérez
Idioma: es


Ipomoea carnea var. fistulosa (Convolvulaceae) is a perenne poisonous plant, found throughout the Argentine Northeastern. The intoxication produces a lysosomal storage disease in goats, sheep and cattle. Five goats were fed with 50 g/kgBW/day of fresh leaves, flowers and stems of I. carnea, during 43–60 days. Hirsute coat, depression, difficulty to stand up, ataxia, hypermetria, wide–based stance, incoordination of muscular movements, intense tremors, spastic paresis, abnormal postural reactions, nystagmus, hyperreflexia, hypersensitivity to sound, head tilting and loss of equilibrium were observed in all treated animals. The histopathologic study revealed the presence of cytoplasmatic vacuolation mainly in medulla oblongata and cerebellum. Control animals did not show any alterations. We conclude that this poisoning causes central nervous system damage, being Purkinje cells the most severely affected.

Palabras clave

goat; intoxication; Ipomoea carnea; nervous system lesions.